Skin aging begins at the age of 25. Initially, this process did not attract attention. At the same time, the skin gradually loses its elasticity, its structure changes, it becomes loose, pores enlarge and wrinkles appear. Sooner or later, when these changes become obvious, it becomes difficult to deal with ordinary cosmetics. Moreover, hyperpigmentation and thinning of the skin cannot be corrected by conservative methods.
Fortunately, modern technology has not left us alone with the problem of shrinking. To restore the youthful state of the skin, it is not enough to eliminate existing defects and signs of aging. It must be stimulated to start the cell renewal process. This is the only way to not only obtain visual effects, but also to achieve true facial rejuvenation. The facial laser fragmentation repair technology that has been used in the field of beauty for more than 10 years can solve such problems.
This technology is based on a partial photopyrolysis method-exposure to a certain length of laser beam, split into several beams (fractions) to improve operating efficiency. Today, partial rejuvenation is considered a viable alternative to surgical cosmetic surgery.
The mechanism of laser facial rejuvenation
As time goes by, all processes in the body (including the cellular level) will slow down. This is what causes skin aging: cells are no longer used so quickly, new cells no longer grow so actively, and as a result, skin renewal becomes more and more ineffective, and practically stops. Studies have shown that laser irradiation of skin cells can help restore the skin's natural rejuvenation potential.
Under the influence of the light beam and the heat stroke generated by it in the skin, it thoroughly cleans the dead cells and the tissues that have lost the ability to further grow and develop. At the same time, young and healthy cells can only benefit from this effect: they will actively multiply, replace the used cells and restore the "damaged" mechanism of skin renewal.
Almost all cosmetic lasers have this effect on the skin. The difference between Fraaxel is that it uses the most effective laser beam size, less than 200 microns in diameter: this is a thin laser that is most conducive to replacing old tissue with young and healthy people. The second feature of
Fractional Renaissance is that this effect does not occur in one beam, but in the entire micro-beam. The beam is split by the beam to form a grid effect. Therefore, irradiation does not occur in the form of dots or continuous pulses. It is located on a matrix
The skin is divided into small areas. In the center of each area there are tissues subjected to strong thermal shock, and there are healthy cells around them that are not affected by the laser beam. The result of this treatment is active skin regeneration: the exfoliation of damaged cells and the growth of youthful skin.
Type of skin rejuvenation
There are two fundamentally different forms of partial photothermal decomposition: ablative and non-ablative. These laser irradiation methods are different from each other in many aspects: the penetration depth of the laser, the treatment intensity, the skin stimulation mechanism, and the final effect.
The ablation technique assumes a surface effect on epidermal cells through evaporation. On the contrary, non-ablative skin rejuvenation will not affect the uppermost layer of the skin, but will penetrate into the deepest layer of the skin, where the lower layer of the epidermis is located, where the dermis begins. In this case, the irradiated cells will not evaporate, but will form a column of coagulated tissue.
In both cases, laser treatment is performed in a limited area around which there is a so-called cell programming area-healthy cells with high regenerative potential triggered by heat shock. A short-term increase in temperature in the tissue will cause the activation of all metabolic processes in the tissue, including the growth of elastin and collagen fibers, which are responsible for the elasticity and youth of the skin.
Ablative Fraxel has a fast effect and is more suitable for eliminating the first signs of aging: shallow wrinkles, slight swelling. As a result of the ablation, tiny areas evaporate from the surface of the skin. During the regeneration process, the skin of the new area tightens with the participation of cells in the surrounding area. Therefore, the entire facial skin will be lifted (tightened) and wrinkles and blemishes will be destroyed.
This kind of surface impact is not enough to solve the problem of obvious facial shrinkage. Aging skin needs to be "deeply processed" from the inside, where the cells responsible for the renewal of the dermal framework are located in the deep layer. This result provides a non-ablation repair skin rejuvenation.
Of course, no one prohibits combining these two methods. Then the effect will be even more amazing: the skin will double its vitality from the inside and outside, so after an operation, the facial condition will be significantly improved, and the activated tissue renewal will keep the face'healthy' for a long time. 'status.
Segment laser repair procedure
Like any other laser procedure, only qualified experts will complete the frut. The fact is that the equipment used is a medical laser device, which must be medically educated, trained and gained appropriate experience to work.
With unskilled hands, the laser may be dangerous, bring complications and unpredictable consequences. In addition, there are many contraindications to the operation. Only when the obstacles to the use of laser procedures are determined, the preparation process for partial rejuvenation should begin.
Let us list those conditions and diseases that do not allow the use of laser irradiation-based procedures:
- Presence of any tumor formation in the body at present and in the past;
- Skin diseases in the treatment area: dermatitis, skin diseases, eczema, psoriasis, vitiligo;
- Damaged skin (abrasions, scratches);
- A history of photosensitivity;
- The tendency to form scar loid;
- Chronic diseases of endocrine, cardiovascular, blood system;
- Acute viral and bacterial infections;
- Weak immunity;
- Acute or chronic herpes in the acute phase;
- Take retinoid drugs (after the end of the intake, if you take pills, it should be at least six months before the operation, if you use topical drugs, at least two weeks should pass)
- Pregnancy, breastfeeding;
- Epilepsy and other mental and neurological diseases;
- Recent tan
After checking the memories and current health conditions, the beautician decided whether the procedure was feasible. In some cases, it may be necessary to postpone temporarily, such as a cold or menstruation. Generally, low-dose laser rejuvenation is a fairly safe process, and if performed correctly, it will not threaten any complications.
Partial photopyrolysis is considered a painless operation. However, it cannot be 100% confirmed. Most patients still feel discomfort during laser rejuvenation, especially after laser rejuvenation.
Therefore, local anesthesia is where laser treatment is usually started. Anesthetics are applied to the face to reduce the overall sensitivity of the skin. There is a burning sensation and tingling sensation when exposed.
Facial treatment takes 20-40 minutes (the duration of the treatment depends on the size of the exposed area). After completion, apply a special protective cream on the skin, and the patient will be advised on skin care during the recovery period.
Skin regeneration after treatment
It is believed that part of the revival does not require a recovery period, nor will it disrupt the normal rhythm of life. In fact, this is not entirely correct. In order not to fall into an awkward situation, it is best not to take risks and not to try to combine laser surgery with work or the upcoming vacation. It is recommended that you take a vacation for at least a week, because these days you need to pay attention to rest and your appearance is unlikely to enable you to lead an active life. After a few days, the face will become red and swollen, and after a few days it will begin to fall off, and only after 7 to 10 days can you tell a normal appearance.
Healing with ablative crank bone is particularly unpleasant: with it, the facial condition may look like a burn. Other consequences after this process include:
- Pigmentation or insufficient pigmentation;
- The occurrence of scars and scars, if no trend has been found before;
- Introduce infection into micro wounds.
These side effects are unlikely to occur and only account for less than 3% of all new cases. If the procedure itself is executed correctly without interrupting the preparation and rehabilitation process, the possibility of complications will be reduced to zero.
After laser irradiation, please do not sunbathe, do not let the skin contact with friction, use aggressive cosmetics, overheat and hypothermia.
Results of some laser facial rejuvenation
Different from partial skin resurfacing, laser partial rejuvenation is a minimally invasive surgery. It does not "burn" all layers of the skin, so the effect after a course of treatment is unlikely to be surprising. Usually, 3 to 6 treatments are performed in the course to achieve partial rejuvenation, and then you can evaluate the results:
- Tighten and tighten the skin;
- Strengthen the oval shape of the face;
- Smoothes wrinkles;
- Eliminate age spots;
- Acne smoothing;
- Skin tone alignment
The rejuvenating effect lasts for one to ten years, and then you can have a second course of treatment.
In the recovery period after cosmetic surgery, some laser rejuvenation is well integrated with other procedures: resurfacing, injection technology. Laser irradiation will not have a destructive effect on the previously introduced filler, but experts believe that it is best to perform the entire treatment course of Fraxel first, and then correct the remaining defects.
Patients’ comments were mixed. In addition to the positive recommendations of this procedure, negative statements are often encountered. For example, many women expressed complaints like this:
- The duration of the recovery period is much longer than the beautician promised. Usually, we are not talking about 4-7 days as employees of beauty salons, but 10-14 days.
- More than half of the patients indicated insufficient efficacy. Many people believe that irregular skin rejuvenation has made their faces puffy, making them look older than they were before surgery. It should also be noted that the possibility of smoothing wrinkles has been greatly exaggerated, the main purpose of which is to eliminate traces of pigmentation and acne.
- The undoubted disadvantage of fractional laser revival is its cost.
The following are some comments on some laser facial rejuvenation:
My mother-in-law's husband and I issued a small revival certificate on the anniversary. She is a young, active woman and she is very happy. You can see the results: the face is fresher and tighter, all kinds of spots disappear, and the wrinkles around the eyes are obviously smoothed. I only did it once, but I still want to solve the problem and ask her for the same gift next holiday.
I don’t like partial revival. First, it hurts. Secondly, after the operation, I had to stay at home for nearly 2 weeks. My face changed several times, everything turned red, even wet, as if it was oozing out in the ichich. The result is zero. My main problem is acne on my cheeks. Therefore, everything still exists, it is worth paying so much pain, but also for own money.
I only have one Fraxel program. Still, it is expensive and unpleasant. But after six days, I saw the results, and the results were very good! The nasolabial fold is gone forever, and all age spots have disappeared, which is what makes me much older than my actual age. Everything is suitable for me now, I think if necessary, I will decide to take the course again.
For a small-scale laser skin rejuvenation operation, the cost varies greatly depending on the workload and the degree of intervention. Payments are usually set for a single area, the entire face, neck and décolleté face. Prices may vary from city to city.
Most beauticians believe that this procedure can replace plastic surgery, but it can be performed without waiting for significant skin changes without the difficulty and cost of eliminating it. If you start a partial rejuvenation from the age of 35 to 40, you can postpone the need for more thorough methods for a long time.